Sexuality has been an important, vital part of human existence throughout history. All civilizations have managed sexuality through sexual standards, representations, and behavior. Nowadays a sexual norm can refer to a personal or a social norm. Most cultures have social norms regarding sexuality, and define normal sexuality to consist only of certain sex acts between individuals who meet specific criteria of age, consanguinity, race/ethnicity, or social role.
In human beings, sexuality is multifactorial, with several factors that interact: genes, hormones, conditioning, sexual preferences, emotions, cognitive processes, cultural context. The relative importance of each of these factors is dependent both on individual physiological characteristics, personal experience and aspects of the sociocultural environment.
Multifactorial dynamics of human sexuality
We live in time of “sexual freedom”, “sexual liberation” or “free love”. Nowadays we have a large number of different kinds of sexualities. We’ll introduce you to some of it.
Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation in which a person is sexually attracted to people of the opposite sex. The term “heterosexuality” comes from the Greek affix “hetero,” meaning “different” or “other.” People who identify as heterosexual have emotional, sexual, and romantic relationships with people of the opposite sex. A common term for a person who identifies as heterosexual is “straight.” Heterosexuality is the most common sexual orientation in the world (it doesn`t mean “normal”. It is simply more common than some variations of human sexuality).
Homosexuality is a sexual orientation in which a homosexual person is romantically or sexually attracted to people of their own gender. Men who are romantically or sexually attracted to other men are called gay. Women who are romantically or sexually attracted to other women can be called gay as well, but are usually called lesbians.
Bisexuality is when a person is attracted to two or more genders. This term is generally used to describe being attracted to men and women, but can apply to being attracted to any two or more genders. Note, that you do not have to be equally attracted to each gender.
Asexuality is a term that can be assigned to a person who does not experience any kind of sexual attraction to individuals of any gender. It is important to note that asexuality is indeed a type of sexuality, not to be confused with celibacy because celibacy is a willful choice not to engage in any sexual activity. This does not mean, however, that all asexuals do not have sex. Many asexuals across the globe choose to engage in sexual activity with a partner whom they love, it is just that the sexual attraction and pleasure is not there for them personally.
Polysexuality– refers to people who are sexually attracted to more than one gender or sex but do not wish to be identified as bisexual as it infers that there are only two genders. Polysexuals often include the idea of a third gender, often regarding transgender as the separate third gender and subsequently being sexually attracted to people in that category.
Pansexuality– is, in truth, a much broader form of sexual orientation, in which the pansexuals have the capability of attraction to others regardless of their gender identity or biological sex. A pansexual could be open to someone who is male, female, transgender, intersex, or agendered/genderqueer (those who do not feel that they have a gender).
The most common question is: How is Pansexuality different from Polysexuality?
Pan means “all” while Poly means “many” and so there are some similar overlaps, a Polysexual may be attracted to some gender variant people but not have the capability or desire to be with some others. Pansexuals are open to any person regardless of their gender or sex.
Object sexuality – is a form of sexuality focused on particular inanimate objects. Those individuals may feel strong feelings of attraction, love, and commitment to certain items or structures of their fixation. Some object-sexual individuals also often believe that objects have souls, intelligence, and feelings, and are able to communicate.
For example, South Korean Lee Jin-gyu fell in love with his body pillow. The two were dating for six years before Jin-gyu took her to Japan to get married, where Fate-the-pillow even donned her own wedding dress.
Erika Eiffel, who obviously has taken her name from her partner, the Eiffel Tower, got married the Eiffel tower in 2007. She fell in love with the Eiffel Tower in 2004 and states that she felt an immediate attraction. Before that, she was in a 20 year relationship with the Berlin Wall.
Human sexuality is the quality of being sexual and the way people experience and express themselves as sexual beings. Until their actions don`t hurt anyone it doesn`t matter what kind of sexuality they are if they are happy with it.