We want to continue getting you acquainted with the Ukrainian language by telling you more about it and giving examples of the most used, melodic and “Ukrainian” words of our language.
To begin with, we want to say that a lot of people state that the Ukrainian language is unsurpassed among the rest Slavic languages in terms of melodiousness. It contains lots of beautiful words, let us take the names of months, for example: Sichen – January, Liutyi – February, Berezen – March, Kviten – April, Traven – May, Cherven – June, Lypen – July, Serpen – August, Veresen – September, Zhovten – October, Lystopad – November, Hruden -December.
There are also rumors, according to which the Ukrainian language took the third place after French and Persian in the language beauty competition, held in the beginning of the century. The factors considered were the phonetics of the language, its vocabulary, structure and phraseology. However, the disappointing fact is that there is no information about the competitors and the jury of this competition left. According to other data, the Ukrainian language is considered to be the second beautifully sounding language in the world after Italian.
Unfortunately, the Ukrainian language is often called a spoilt variant of Russian, despite the fact that these two languages have quite different grammar, vocabulary and of course pronunciation. Ukrainian has fewer sibilants and is more melodious, which makes Ukrainian songs and poetry uniquely beautiful.
Nevertheless, Ukrainian and Russian are close relatives as they are a part of East-Slavonic languages of Slavic group. These two languages started separating from each other in X-XI century. Nowadays Ukrainians and Russians can understand each other, however more often it causes some troubles. People, who speak neither the Ukrainian language nor the Russian language, and tried to learn them, say that Russian has a lot of consonants, while Ukrainian pronunciation is weaker.
It is also interesting that there is a certain mixture of Ukrainian and Russian in some parts of Ukraine. This mixture is called: surzhik and is a separate variety of the Ukrainian language which is difficult to understand even for the native speakers.
So, now that we know some facts about Ukrainian, let us come straight to its words. Let us start with the ones, which are considered to be the most interesting in Ukrainian:
Khalepa – a sudden misfortune.
Zabahanka – a whim.
Plomenity – to blaze; to blush.
Nagodytysia – to come somewhere unexpectedly.
Nyshporyty – scour/prowl about.
Khutko – very quickly.
Telepen – a foolish person; a blockhead.
Kremeznyi – huge; wide-shouldered (about people).
Slushnyi – suitable, convenient.
Neabyiakyi – something different from other, unusual.
We have written that the Ukrainian language is one of the most melodic, so we cannot help sharing the most melodic words of our language:
Kokhannia – love.
Sonechko – sun.
Serdenko – heart.
Horniatko – cup.
Veselka – rainbow.
Perlyna – pearl.
Merezhyvo – lace.
Liusterko – mirror.
Gudzyk – button.
Kukhol – glass.
Nasoloda – delight.
Penzlyk – brush.
Polunytsia – strawberry.
Vysochin – height.
Dovkillia – environment.
Finally, in the Ukrainian language there are unique words, which cannot be translated literally neither into Russian or other relative languages.
Vyrii – warm lands where birds fly to in winter.
Dobrodiy – someone, who and supports helps other people.
Zaliznytsia – railway; the whole complex of buildings, equipment, machines, which make up the railway service.
Knygarnia – book stall.
Kokhaty – love someone, bring up.
Mytets – a person doing some art; a person skilled in some craft.
Nivroku – not bad, exactly the one that is needed.
Oliya – oil.
Obiruch – with both hands.
Shakhivnytsia – a chess board.